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Belajar Tentang Pronoun

Pronoun atau kata ganti adalah kata yang dipakai untuk menggantikan kata benda. “A Pronoun is a word used in place of a noun“, dimana fungsi dari pronoun itu sendiri adalah membatasi agar jangan sampai terjadi pengulangan berkali-kali yang tidak enak dibaca atau didengar.

Contoh:

  • Tanpa Pronoun: Ani lost Ani’s book when Ani was going to Ani’s home
  • Dengan Pronoun: Ani los her book when she was going to her home.

Menurut sifat dan fungsinya, pronoun atau kata ganti dapat dibedakan atas:

1. Personal Pronoun (Kata Ganti Orang)

  • Nominative Case (I, you, we, they, he, she, it), contoh : I am a student
  • Objective Case (me, you, us, him, her, it), contoh : I love her

2. Possessive Pronoun (Kata Ganti Kepemilikan seperti mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs), contoh:

  • This is mine (Ini milikku)
  • It is ours (Itu milik kami)

3. Reflexive Pronoun (Kata Ganti Refleksi), kata ganti yang menunjukan perbuatan mengenai kepada diri sendiri, seperti : myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves. Contoh:

  • Reflexive use (Sesuatu mengenai diri sendiri): I look at myself in the mirror
  • Emphatic use (Memberi tekanan, tegas atau mengeraskan arti): You yourself must go to there
  • Alone (Sendirian: by …… self): I don’t like to sleep by myself

4. Demonstrative Pronoun (Kata Ganti Penunjuk), contoh:

  • This is my car
  • That is your car
  • These are our cars
  • Those are your cars

5. Indefinitive Pronoun (Kata Ganti Tak Tentu), contoh:

  • Haris has two watches. Each costs Rp. 150.000
  • This car is new, but that one is old
  • I saw someone/somebody there yesterday
  • I didn’t see anyone/anybody there yesterday
  • Something is better than nothing
  • I didn’t go anywhere
  • I saw everyone/everybody there yesterday
  • None can tell it
  • Nobody came here
  • There are two methods. Either can be used
  • I don’t like this book, I want another
  • Some of these apples are bad
  • All are wearing white shirts
  • Most of the cars are expensive
  • Haris and Anis are absent. Both of them are ill
  • A few of the pupils can do the sums
  • …, etc.

6. Interrogative Pronoun (Kata Ganti Penanya) seperti who, what, whom, whose, which, how, why, where, when. Contoh:

  • Who can speak English well here?
  • Whom does she love?
  • Whose is this?
  • What is your name?
  • Which do you like best?
  • Where do you live?
  • When do you plan to get marriage?
  • Why don’t you take me to the party?
  • How do you go to school?

7. Relative Pronoun (Kata Ganti Penghubung) adalah kata ganti yang digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua buah kalimat menjadi satu dengan membuang bagian yang sama.

  • Who = yang, dipakai untuk menggantikan orang sebagai subjek atau objek. Misalnya: Mr. Haris who will come here for dinner tonight, is a close-friend of mine. (Mr. Haris will come here for dinner tonight. Mr. Haris is a close-friend of mine)
  • Whom = yang, dipakai untuk menggantikan orang sebagai objek. Misalnya: I know the girl whom you invited yesterday.
  • Whose = yang …. -nya, dipakai untuk menggantikan pemilik baik orang, binatang atau benda. Misalnya: He is the writer whose book you are reading.
  • Which = yang, dipakai untuk menggantikan selain orang baik sebagai subjek atau objek. Misalnya: I have read the book which you just mentioned.
  • What =  yang/apa yang, dipakai untuk menggantikan benda tunggal, tapi bendanya tidak disebutkan. Misalnya: I don’t understand what you mean!
  • That = yang, dipakai untuk menggantikan orang atau selain orang baik sebagai subjek atau objek. Misalnya: He carried a bag that was full of books.

(Sumber : Buku Standard English Grammar – CV. Bintang Pelajar)